Subnational Under-five Mortality Estimates, 1990–2021
The global number of under-five deaths was cut by almost half over the last two decades – down to 5.0 million in 2021 from 9.9 million in 2000. While progress on reducing under-five mortality since 2000 has been remarkable, national and global averages can fail to reflect the reality for many children at the local level. When these data are broken down to the administrative level, some countries showing a national reduction in child mortality rates over the past decade also show an increase in child mortality rates in certain subnational areas. Subnational data can help to spotlight these areas where progress is lagging so that decision-makers can reach those who are most in need.
This brochure provides subnational under-five and neonatal mortality rate estimates from 2000-2021 across 31 countries primarily in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. The data provide critical insight into mortality rates and trends at the level at which health interventions and decisions on resource allocation are typically made.