Accelerating Sanitation, Hygiene and Water for All (ASWA-II): A Synthesis of the Baseline Findings from Cambodia and Myanmar
The Accelerated Sanitation and Water for All (ASWA-II) Programme (2017-2022) is being implemented across six selected provinces in 19 rural districts of Cambodia and in 13 townships in one region and one state in Myanmar. More than half of the surveyed population used toilets (79 per cent of people in Cambodia; and 95 per cent of households in Myanmar). However, while the proportion of people using improved toilets in Cambodia was relatively high (64 per cent); only 23 per cent of households in Myanmar reported having access to improved toilets. In Cambodia, household income played an important role in toilet use and access to improved water sources, with the results showing that toilet use and access to improved water sources increased with household income. In Cambodia, 83 per cent of people had access to basic handwashing facilities, while in Myanmar 57 per cent of households had a handwashing facility. Of these, only 45 per cent of households reported having sufficient water and 44 per cent reported having soap. In Cambodia, 90.7 per cent of the water supply schemes were found fully functional, while in Myanmar 84 per cent of the improved water supply was considered functional, taking into consideration reliability and continuity of supply.